5. Perfect the exposure trifecta
Making proper exposure in photography contains balancing three things: aperture, shutter speed, and ISO settings. You can begin with shooting in automatic or priority mode, but you will have to understand the relationship between these things to shoot with manual camera controls.
6. Always be ready
Always be prepared and ready to snap a shot. Almost every digital SLR has nearly instantaneous startup times, and it usually takes no extra battery power to leave on your camera.
Keep your camera on one of the full auto or semi-auto modes for unexpected pictures before your subject drives, flies, or runs away. You can switch back to the preferred mode when having enough time to adjust for a stationary subject. Sometimes you only have just one second to capture a great shot.
7. Use a wider aperture for portraits to make your subject stand out
Adjust to an aperture size about from f/2.8 to f/5.6 to make the background behind your subject become more blurred out. This can remove distracting backgrounds and help to make your subject stand out. You can use this tip with even wider apertures, but make sure to keep your subject’s eyes in focus.
8. Matching shutter speed to the lens focal length in order to prevent blurry pictures
Longer lenses are more difficult to keep steady and making the shutter speed faster can prevent camera shake.
9. Straighten and crop when editing
You should learn how to straighten shots by looking through the viewfinder of your camera before capturing an image. However, it’s not easy to get this perfect on your first try.
The viewfinder is much smaller than full-screen editing so you may realize that you need to adjust when you see it on a bigger screen. Using post-production software to rotate your images and crop the empty spaces out.